When it is suspected that an Iowa patient has cancer, there are a number of different tests that a doctor may conduct. However, the options depend on several factors, such as the type of cancer the person may have, the person's age and medical condition, the signs and symptoms and the results of other medical tests that have already been run.
For example, if it is suspected that a patient has nasal cavity or paranasal sinus cancer, the doctor may start with a physical examination. The doctor will feel for lumps on the face and neck. An inspection of the nose, mouth, tongue and throat will also be completed. One or more diagnostic tests may be ordered based on what the doctor sees or feels during the physical examination.
There are a variety of diagnostic tests that could be ordered. During a biopsy, tissue is removed for examination and is used to make a definite diagnosis. An endoscopy allows a doctor to see inside the body, such as the inside of the nasal cavity. An X-ray can be used to determine if there is something other than air in the sinuses. MRIs and CT scans can be used to determine the size of tumors. A bone scan can determine whether or not the cancer has spread.
If a person has cancer, a fast, accurate diagnosis can be vital. The failure to diagnose cancer in a timely matter could cause a worsened medical condition that could end up being fatal. Patients and their families who have been harmed in such a manner might want to meet with a medical malpractice attorney to discuss their options.